There are some circumstances under which women may experience brown discharge instead of period. They may become terrified upon spotting ‘brown blood but no period’. Questions may arise in their minds regarding the outcomes, duration, and reasons for spotting instead of period. ‘No period just brown discharge’ may frighten you about the possibility of harmful and dreadful outcomes. In this article, you will learn:
- What is Brown Discharge?
- Is it normal to have brown spotting?
- What are the causes of brown discharge but no period?
- What are the preventive measures of brown discharge instead of period?
- What is the significance of brown discharge during pregnancy?
- What are the Complications of Brown Discharge during Pregnancy
- When to seek doctor’s help if brown discharge during pregnancy doesn’t stop?
- Is it a serious concern if brown discharge takes place?
What is Brown Discharge?
The color of fresh blood is bright red. When fresh blood mixes with vaginal discharge, the color turns pink. But the color of vaginal discharge becomes brown when it contains old deoxygenated blood. Women experience brown spotting instead of period when some blood takes more than usual time to come out from the uterus. The red blood becomes brown because it stays inside for more than usual time (and gets older). It can happen once or sometimes for a small number of days. According to Gynecologists, a small amount of bleeding is not a serious matter of concern unless it becomes dense and compels you to use a pad. The brown discharge can make women worried. It can happen:
- Before the period (when a woman is trying to conceive)
- During the menstrual cycle
- After the period
Brown discharge instead of period – Is it normal?
It is normal to experience spotting but sometimes it can lead to underlying health conditions. The regularity, color, and quantity of brown discharge may vary from time to time during menstrual cycles. Sometimes, it can be watery, thin and sometimes it can be clumpy thick discharge. The color may be pink, bright red and brownish. The flow may be heavy or light. This is likely to be more frequent in:
- Females who are perimenopausal
- Females using birth control measures
- Teen girls who just started menstruating
What are the causes of brown discharge instead of period?
Following are the causes of brown discharge but no period:
Source: Doctors’ Circle
Perimenopause or menopause:
The changeover period inside women that occurs naturally before menopause is called Perimenopause. It is the period where the body starts transition into menopause. It is the phase of females’ reproductive life that commences some years before menopause when the ovaries slowly start to generate fewer estrogens. It begins in the forties of females, but may begin in the thirties of females. It is a changeover phase of two to eleven years before the absolute end of the menstrual period. You can call it menopause spotting instead of period.
It builds up when females’ reproductive system starts holding up. Consequently, it reduces the development of hormones (chiefly progesterone and estrogens). It is the gap in which the bodies of females’ moves naturally from regular monthly ovulations and regular menstrual cycles to natural permanent infertility, unusual and unexpected ovulation and menstrual cycles.
Generally, brown discharge instead of period is an indication of the beginning of perimenopause. Females can have the following symptoms in early perimenopause:
- A lot of perplexity
- Dryness in vagina
- Sleep disorder
- Mood swings
- Night sweats
- Hot flushes
These signs take place as estrogen levels keep falling and consequently cause menopause.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):
It is a severe infection in the upper genital tract. It forms when an infection transits from the cervix and vagina into the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. It can occur naturally or transmitted sexually. PID can cause scar tissue and pelvic adhesions which can ultimately lead to ectopic pregnancy (and severe pain). It can be a cause of brown blood instead of period, infertility. As a matter of fact, it is presently the primary cause of women’s infertility. It must be treated before it can cause brown discharge instead of period.
Birth control Pills:
Women and girls all over the world use birth control pills not only for preventing pregnancy but also to treat ovarian cysts, irregular menstrual cycles, and acne. These are the most common contraception measure. These pills restrain the natural cyclical hormones to stay away from pregnancy. They prevent the body from releasing ovary’s egg. These pills maintain more regular hormone levels and thus stop ovulation. They prevent the growth of egg by restraining pituitary gland. They create complexity for the sperms to locate egg by changing the cervical mucus.
Birth control measures such as implants, IUDS, patches, pills, and shots can be the reason of no period just spotting. You can observe brown discharge on birth control not only after you stop using contraceptives but also at the initial stage of using them. Contraceptive pills might not be the good option for you if you experience spotting 2 days before period or spotting instead of period.
Under some circumstances, the brown vaginal spotting can be observed during delayed periods. During delayed periods, the bodies of women eject “old” oxidized uterine lining. This can happen for a few days, maybe one or two days. You can experience spotting for 2 days but no period. Afterward, you will experience regular period.
Pregnancy / Implantation Bleeding:
It is important to tell you that one of the early symptoms of pregnancy is brown discharge instead of period. The eggs pass through the Fallopian tube to the uterus when the fertilization process takes place. During the process, cells get divided, and zygote turns into an embryo. The embryo makes a hole in the uterine lining which leads to the occurrence of Brown Gooey Discharge. You must take a pregnancy test for confirmation if you find brown discharge.
- Severe strain, diabetes, inserting any irregular thing in the vagina can be the causes of spotting.
- Further reasons of dark or very light period brown discharge can be the cancer of ovaries, vagina, cervix or uterus.
- Uterine fibroids
- Females who have given birth experience such growths.
- A birth control device known as Intrauterine device can be a reason of brown discharge if put in into your uterus.
What are the Preventive Measures?
Do not panic if you experience brown spotting instead of a regular period. You must keep in mind that majority of females face this issue once in their lifetime. Here is the guideline of how you can stop or get relief from Brown Discharge instead of period:
- Do not apply things on the vagina that can cause irritation or tenderness in vagina. For example, body wash, soaps (not anti-bacterial) or deodorant
- Your underwear should be made of cotton (to avoid irritation).
- Do not have sex with new partners.
- Avoid using any spray, cream, petroleum jelly or things like that for at least 2 days before your exam.
- Consult your gynecologist for this issue. She might help you avoid any unusual and harmful consequences.
- After consulting and acting upon the recommendations of gynecologist, if your symptoms do not go away then this could be a serious matter of concern. Cancer can be the case. So, detailed and comprehensive treatment is required.
- Do not delay your treatment. The delay can worsen your condition.
- You must never use tampons while having brown discharge or any infection. The pad can be used.
- Avoid using any cream in the vagina without the recommendation of a doctor.
- Avoid rubbing your vagina (the infected or inflamed area) as it will increase the irritation.
- Antibiotic should not be used while experiencing brown discharge. Only use prescribed medicine.
- If your doctor has prescribed some pain relieving medicines, then you can use it.
- You can use home remedies for treating nausea and vomiting.
- Protective measures should be taken while having sexual intercourse
Women can have a lot of troublesome moments while having brown discharge instead of period but patience is needed. Doctors should be consulted immediately to discuss the issues in detail. Safe sex must be practiced rather than unsafe intercourse. If you observe brown discharge after sex, then tell your doctor about this immediately. Moreover, you should keep any traumatic situations in check, because tension is the main contributor of brown vaginal spotting. Pay regular visits to your physician and follow hygienic rules.
What is the significance of brown discharge during pregnancy?
By far we have comprehended different types of discharges: white, brown and reddish-brown. Each of it signifies the role during pregnancy. However, if either red or brown discharge takes its form and is passed through the vagina as of bleeding, then you must let the gynecologist know.
Nevertheless, it is also mandatory to judge the velocity of the discharge. How it occurs in pregnancy when bleeding technically stops is a matter of concern. White vaginal discharge also known as leucorrhea is totally associated with normal discharge. That is separately another question and worrisome if it is thick, very gluey and in more quantity.
Healthy discharge during pregnancy is a common aspect to look into. Hormones carrying the discharges are more on the heavier, painful and thicker side. The question here which matters the most is the brown discharge. What is so troublesome for the expecting women is the indication. Those signs appear more bothersome because of the mere fact that it is way closer than the red color. Now you must be thinking how come red colored or let’s say brownish red color discharge is taken as a glitch in pregnancy? The question becomes more important especially when the mother-to-be discharges brown colored fluid in the first trimester.
To be very honest, it is a pure warning that something is wrong going on and you have to get it checked as in priority; sooner the better. Why do women get worried is because of a simple and meaningful reason: uterus held discharge which got old and turned brown. It is also that the uterus couldn’t flow it outside on time.
According to many reviews and studies, it is said that the first-hand consultancy with the doctor is much better than living in a state of doubt. Naturally, if everything inside the uterus and womb is acting fine, then satisfaction will let you live peacefully.
Otherwise, the very same condition can put the pregnant woman in thousands of weird and negative thoughts. But let us convince that most of the time brown discharge during pregnancy is not much of a problem.
Complications of Brown Discharge during Pregnancy
Here is a list of all those possible chances to take brown discharge during pregnancy seriously:
- It suggests miscarriage if occurs in the first trimester (means the first three months of pregnancy.
- The placenta is getting detached or any other complication during pregnancy.
- Ectopic pregnancy is another reason for brown discharge in the first few weeks after conceiving a baby.
- Due to infection in uterus or cervix, brown discharge may occur as in a heavy form.
When to seek doctor’s help if brown discharge during pregnancy doesn’t stop?
It is best to consider doctor if you see any of the following signs during pregnancy:
- When red discharge takes place instead of brown, you have to see the doctor on an urgent basis.
- Bright or blood red discharge comes from the vagina as in the form of spotting.
- Experiencing cramps, extreme pain in the lower abdomen or contractions occur in a set lapse of time.
Is it a serious concern if brown discharge takes place?
All in all, yes! It can be related to any other form of disease related to infections, uterus or cervix cancer, and other medical conditions. You must remember that the ruling about brown discharge takes place without periods or pregnancy. It is also tricky to determine whether it is healthy or not. In such conditions, it is always better to seek professional help and assistance.
Explaining every bit of brown discharge during pregnancy to otherwise, we have come to a point where a conclusion can be drawn. It is simple: if brown discharge takes place, then it is not importantly because of the periods or pregnancy. However, there are moments when it is healthy and comes naturally because the waste material during periods is not totally washed off the uterus. In fact, last but not the least, validity of seeing a professional remains open when it comes to anything which is abnormal or happening for the first time.